a) Sudden and drastic change in the bowel habits. This includes experiencing diarrhea or constipation for more than one or two weeks in a row. Remember that under perfectly healthy conditions, these problems should be over in less than a week’s time.
b) Loosing blood with stool is another sign of colon cancer. However, it may also happen due to Crohn’s disease or haemorrhoids.
c) Other possible signs include abdominal pain, stomach cramps, fatigue and a bloated feeling.
If any of the aforementioned symptoms or signs is witnessed, it is best to consult a doctor as soon as possible. It would be unwise to assume that the phase would pass when there is in fact something wrong. Colon cancer may happen to anyone and everyone which is why it pays to be diligent.
Colon Cancer Survival Rate and Tumor Location
According to an article published in the European Journal of Cancer, tumor location impacts colon cancer survival rate. In the United States for example, the five-year survival rate for tumors in the ascending colon (closest to the small intestine) is about 63%. In the transverse colon, the survival rate is about 59%, and in the descending colon, it's about 66%. (The five-year survival rate represents the percentage of patients alive five years after their initial diagnosis.)
Colon Cancer Survival Rates in Different Countries
According to the same study, colon cancer survival rates also vary by country. While the overall five-year survival for colon cancer in America is 62%, it's 43% in Europe. Quality of care may be one reason, but another could be colon cancer screening programs. In general, the earlier colon cancer is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Colon Cancer Survival Rate and Stage at Diagnosis
Stage at diagnosis also greatly impacts colon cancer survival rates. Research published in the ANZ Journal of Surgery found that In Australia, the five-year survival for stage 1 colon cancer is 93%, but it drops to 59% for stage 3 colon cancer. For more information about colon cancer stages in general, please read Colon Cancer Stages.
Colon Cancer Survival Rate and Exercise
Most of the factors I've mentioned are out of your control. You live where you live and you didn't choose to have colon cancer, so you didn't get to pick which kind to get or where to get it. So, what can you do to improve your chances of survival now that you have it? Researchers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston conducted two studies, both of which revealed that moderate exercise can signficantly increase the survival rate of colon cancer patients. Another study, published in the journal Gut, shed some light on why exercise may increase colon cancer survival rates.